Differing Moral Perspectives

© July 2017 Tom Rogers
Back to the Home Page
Here I roughly set out differing moral perspectives of different social models. What follows is of course a simplification of each belief system:

Moral Perspectives

BELIEF SYSTEM MORALITY & LAW MORAL BASIS INFLUENCES KEY TEXTS
Christianity (Protestants) The Bible is the only moral standard (sola scriptura). Universalist Paganism, The Reformation The Bible (usually the King James Version, which omits the Catholic Apocrypha from the Old Testament - known as the Deuterocanonical). In the Anglican Communion, also the Book of Common Prayer.
Christianity (Roman Catholics) The Bible and the traditions of the Roman Catholic together define moral standards. Universalist and Traditionalist The Nazarene Church, Judaism, Ancient Rome, Pagans, the Counter-Reformation The Catholic Bible, which includes The Old Testament (incorporating the Deuterocanonical), The New Testament.
Judaism Religious texts set down the law and moral standards, which reflect the good of the Jewish people. Ethnicist and Legalist Folk traditions of the Israelites and the Canaanites; Ancient Egyptian civilisation; other Ancient Near Eastern religions, etc. Tanakh, Talmud, Midrash, Responsa, The Septuagint
Humanism Man defines what is 'good', and Man's laws are highest. Universalist The Enlightenment Advancement of Learning and Novum Organum by Francis Bacon; Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation by Jeremy Bentham; The History of Don Quixote de la Mancha by Miguel Cervantes; On the origin of species by means of natural selection, by Charles Darwin; The descent of man and selection in relation to sex, by Charles Darwin; Nicholas Copernicus On the Revolutions, translation and commentary by Edward Rosen; Meditations on First Philosophy by Descartes; The Epistles of Erasmus; The writings of Epicurus; The American Declaration of Independence by Thomas Jefferson; The Gospel (i.e. the life and death of Jesus and an account of his teachings); Magna Carta; Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica by Isaac Newton; the works of William Shakespeare.
Paganism The Divine is pervasive and immanent in Nature and so you should not harm others, but are otherwise free to act as you wish. Idiosyncratic & Ethnicist Customs and traditions of tribal peoples. The Wiccan Rede; The Golden Bough by Sir James Frazer; The Gardnerian Book of Shadows
Creativity The good of the White Race is the only moral standard. Racialist National Socialism, atheism Nature's Eternal Religion and The White Man's Bible, both by Ben Klassen.
National Socialism The good of the volk (a particular ethnic people) in achieving its full spiritual and physical potential is the highest good. Ethnicist The Enlightenment, the Occult, Paganism, Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece Mein Kampf by Adolf Hitler; The 25-point Program of the NSDAP; The Origin of Species and The Descent of Man, both by Charles Darwin; The Myth of the 20th. Century by Alfred Rosenberg; the writings of Carl Schmitt; The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century by Houston Stewart Chamberlain; Nietzsche, der Philosoph und Politiker by Alfred Baeumler; The Black Notebooks by Martin Heidegger; The German National Idea by Ernst Krieck; Herman Schmalenbach's writings on Gemeinschaft and Bund; Twenty-five Points of the German Religion by Ernst Bergmann; Religion and Race by Jakob Wilhelm Hauer; New Nobility from Blood and Soil by Richard Walther Darré; Theozoology, or the Science of the Sodomite-Apelings and the Divine Electron by Jörg Lanz von Liebenfels; Dietrich Eckart. A Legacy by Alfred Rosenberg; The Jews and The New City, both by Gottfried Feder; Deutsche Verfassungsgeschichte seit 1789, by Ernst Rudolf Huber; Der Giftpilz by Julian Streicher; The Third Reich by Arthur Moeller van den Bruck; On the Jews and Their Lies, Martin Luther; Die Revolution von Rechts by Hans Freyer; The Will to Power by Friedrich Nietzsche; The Rising Tide of Color Against White World-Supremacy by Lothrop Stoddard.
Buddhism Morality is not achieved through obedience to externally-imposed rules, but by mastering oneself and adhering to certain ethical precepts that guide the self to avoid harm to others. Idiosyncratic Hinduism, Indian caste system The Sutras, The Tripitaka (Pali Canon), Mahayana Sutras and the Tibetan Book of the Dead
Hinduism Moral behaviour involves fulfilling certain duties (dharms) specific to one's situation in life and adhering to certain moral codes (niyamas). Ethnicist & Legalist Indian caste system, fusion of indigenous Indian cultures and traditions The Vedas, The Brahmanas, The Upanishads, The Sutras, The Mahabharata and the Bhagavad Gita, The Ramayana, The Puranas